New Milford, New Jersey, in Bergen County, was incorporated as a borough on March 11, 1922 from what remained of Palisades Township, which dissolved on that same date. New Milford’s 2-square miles of land has a population of 15,752 (estimated U.S. Census in 2009).
There are major primary and secondary roads in New Milford but no real highways. The borough is a bedroom community for New York City with public transportation provided by New Jersey Transit. Bergen County is home to the northern termini of the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway, and the county is also the eastern terminus of Interstate 80. The George Washington Bridge, connecting Fort Lee in Bergen County across the Hudson River to the Upper Manhattan section of New York City, is the world’s busiest motor vehicle bridge according to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates the bridge.
According to the National Highway Safety Administration, twenty-six people were fatally injured in vehicle crashes in Bergen County during 2009. Eight fatalities occurred as the result of vehicle accidents involving alcohol-impaired drivers, and twelve pedestrians were killed as a result of vehicle accidents. When a severe personal injury or death occurs as a result of a Bergen County vehicle accident, the victim’s family also suffers, with emotional and economic burdens that may last for years afterward.
Three excellent medical facilities are between three and four miles from New Milford town center: the Bergen Pines County Hospital in Paramus, Holy Name in Teaneck, and Hackensack University Medical. New Jersey’s ratio of primary care doctors to patients is 36 percent below the national average. A recent study by the New Jersey Council of Teaching Hospitals (NJCTH) has warned of a shortage of doctors in New Jersey. The NJCTH also states an estimated 98,000 deaths occur annually from preventable hospital mistakes or mishaps.
The structure of New Jersey’s court system is among the most simple in the nation. The state has only the following types of courts: Municipal courts, Tax Court, state Superior Court, which includes the trial courts, an Appellate Division and the New Jersey Supreme Court. New Milford Municipal Court is held in the Borough Hall, 930 River Road. Local judges preside over traffic violations and criminal prosecution of Borough ordinances. The Municipal courts in New Jersey are considered courts of limited jurisdiction, having responsibility for motor vehicle and parking tickets, minor criminal offenses and municipal ordinance offenses. New Milford utilizes the trial court in Bergen County, which is located at the Bergen County Justice Center, 10 Main Street, Hackensack, NJ 07601. Both criminal and civil cases are heard at the trial court level. Typical civil cases involve contracts, personal injury, automobile accidents, employment and discrimination cases.